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Eye Specialty Animal Clinic


What is Ocular Surface Disease?

Ocular surface includes cornea, conjunctiva, precorneal tearfilm, eyelids, lacrimal glands and meibomian glands. The cornea is the outer membrane, which exist in the anterior middle of the eye and play an important part in refraction and transmission of the light. The conjunctiva produce the mucous layer of the precorneal tear film and protect the eye from dust, debris and infection-causing microorganisms.

The precorneal tearfilm covers the cornea and conjunctiva and serves to provide necessary nutrients to the ocular surface and protect the ocular surface from desiccation and microorganisms. The lacrimal gland produces the aqueous part of the precorneal tearfilm whereas meibomian glands produces the lipid layer of the precorneal tearfilm.

Dry eye is not a simple disease caused by lack of tears but a complicated disease caused by dysfunction of integration of compositional and hydrodynamic factors of the ocular surface. Patients with ocular surface diseases suffer from loss of vision, discomfort, photophobia and lacrimation. In those cases comprehensive inspection of the ocular surface is necessary. We provide various medication and surgical options for maintain healthy ocular surface.

Diagnostic evaluation

Comprehensive inspection of the ocular surface

We provide state of art comprehensive inspection of the ocular surface using the ICP PET which allows a full assessment of the ocular surface through a combination of tests for dry eye diagnosis, from tear break up time to Interferometry and Meibography.

  • Tear film break up time (TFBUT)
  • Interferometry
  • Schirmer tear test (STT)
  • Tear meniscus height
  • Meibography
  • Vital dyes – Fluorescein, Rose Bengal

Clinical cases

  • pre
  • post


  • pre
  • post

Fluorescein stating

  • pre
  • post

Canine KCS

  • pre
  • post

Feline eyelidagenesis

  • pre
  • post

Eyelid mass (Meibomian gland adenoma)

view more cases

Involved research


  • Y Kwon, J Kim, J Bae, K Lee, N Kim, M Kim. Allogeneic Tectonic Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty for the Treatment of Large Corneal Perforation in a Dog. Pak Vet J. 2016
  • Kim J, Choi US, Plummer CE, Brooks DE, Kim MS. Epiphora by Non-viral Squamous Papilloma of the Conjunctiva in a Dog. J Vet Clin. 2014 Aug:31(4):319-21
  • Kim J, Bae JH, Kwon YH, Kim NS and Kim MS Equine Amniotic Membrane Transplantation in Corneal Perforation Resulting from Melting Ulcer in a Dog. J Vet Clin 2013: 30(1) : 41-44
  • Choi US, Labelle P, Kim S, Kim J, Cha J, Lee KC, Lee HB, Kim NS, Kim MS. Successful treatment of an unusually large corneal epithelial inclusion cyst using equine amniotic membrane in a dog. Vet Ophthal 2010 Mar;13(2):122-5


  • Kim J, Ji DB. 2018.03. Human Amniotic membrane transplantation for the reconstruction of the ocular surface in feline sequestrum cases. 9th Comparative Ocular Surface Disease Workshop.
  • Kim J, Ji DB. 2018.03. Corneal Collagen Cross Linking for the treatment of Melting Ulcer in dogs. 9th Comparative Ocular Surface Disease Workshop.
  • Kim J et al. 2017.03. Is warm compression effective for stabilizing the tear film? Korean Society of Veterinary Ophthalmology.
  • Kim J, Ji DB. 2016. 03. Superficial keratitis in two dogs. 7th Comparative Ocular Surface Disease Workshop.
  • Bae JH, Kim J, Kang JS et al. 2015. 10. Hemangiosarcoma of the Third Eyelid in a Dog. Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.
  •  Heo J, Kim J, Kim MS et al. 2014 .10. Porcine Urinary Bladder Basement Membrane (ACell Vet) Transplantation after the Superficial Keratectomy for Corneal Sequestrum in a Cat. Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.
  •  Kim EJ, Kim J, Jeong JM et al. 2012. 5. Primary Epithelial Tumor of the Lacrimal Gland in a African Pygmy Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics.

Attended Comparative Ocular Surface Disease Workshop in 2015, 2016, 2016, 2018. Presentation and disscussions during the workshop.

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